Add knob to control maximum number of flows on a virtual machine interface.

Registered by Kumar Harsh

# 1. Introduction
To support provisioning of flows which involves control of maximum number of flows at virtual network and virtual machine interface level.

# 2. Problem statement
Support control of maximum number of flows at VMI level by providing configuration knobs at virtual machine interface(VMI)
and virtual network level for all VMIs in virtual network, preference is given to max-flows configured at VMI level.

# 3. Proposed solution
The current flow rate provisioning supports control of maximum number of flows at VM level. The proposal is to
extend this by providing the following option:
a) maximum number of flows (max-flows in schema) at virtual network level.
b) maximum number of flows (max-flows in schema) at virtual machine interface level.
knob max-flows is provided at virtual network level and applied to each VMI in the virtual network, can also be given at VMI level.
Preference: When max-flows knob is configured both at virtual network and for VMI then max-flows configured for VMI will be used to
control maximum flows for that VMI.

## 3.1 Alternatives considered

## 3.2 API schema changes
a) Virtual Network Change:
Schema has virtual-network-properties element of type VirtualNetworkType associated with virtual-network object.
The type VirtualNetworkType will be extended further to include max-flows attribute. This will allow
max-flows to be configured at VN level for all virtual-machine-interfaces linked to the virtual-network.
b) Virtual Machine Interface Change:
Schema has virtual-machine-interface-properties element of type VirtualMachineInterfacePropertiesType associated with
virtual-machine-interface object, max-flows attribute will be added to VirtualMachineInterfacePropertiesType allowing
configuration of max-flows at virtual-machine-interface level.

## 3.3 User workflow impact
User is expected to configure max-flows at VN level for flow provisioning. Even though the configuration
is done at VN level, the config values are applied at VMI level. Aditionally max-flows can be configured at
virtual-machine-interfce level to control maximum flows for that specific VMI.

### 3.3.1 max-flows interpretation
When we get flow setup request on a VMI which already has max-flows on it, vrouter-agent programs flag on the VMI to
inform vrouter to not trap new flow requests to it on that VMI. The flag will remain on the VMI until the flow count on
the VMI reaches 90% of max-flows. (90% limit is a performance constraint)

## 3.4 UI changes
a) Option to configure max-flows at VN level has to be provided under Configure->Networking->Networks.

b) Option to configure max-flows at VMI level has to be provided under Configure->Networking->Ports->Advanced Options.

## 3.5 Notification impact

# 4. Implementation

## 4.1 Work items

### 4.1.1 Vrouter Agent changes
Contrail-vrouter-agent will parse the new configuration (done at VN level and VMI level if max-flows
is configured at VMI then this value is used), and store the values in VN and VMI operational objects.
During flow setup, the value of max-flows available on the VMI is consulted. If we have matched or exceeded the value,
then the new flow being setup will be made as SHORT flow. The preference is given to max-flows first, when
flow control is configured at VM level also.

### 4.1.2 Vrouter changes
Flows dropped due to max-flows limit is tracked in vrouter dropstats utility with counter: New Flow Drops
Changes: None.

## 4.2 Limitations
It is possible that some additional flows may get created (as short flows with Action as DROP) on VMI even when
max-flows has exceeded during transient scenarios. Before vrouter-agent could program vrouter to drop
new trap requests, it could have trapped few requests to vrouter-agent.

# 5. Performance and scaling impact
## 5.1 API and control plane
#### Scaling and performance for API and control plane

## 5.2 Forwarding performance
#### Scaling and performance for API and forwarding

# 6. Upgrade

# 7. Deprecations

# 8. Dependencies

# 9. Testing
## 9.1 Unit tests
    (a) Create VN and configure max-flows on it. Verify that VMI and VN oper
        objects have it. Also verify additional flows are not created on this
        VMI after max-flows have been created.
    (b) When max-flows is configured both for VN and VMI validate max-flows
        from VMI object is used for flow setup limit.
    (c) Verify that when we reach 90% (or lower) of max-flows, new flows get
        created on the VMI.
    (d) Verify that additional flows (if any) created on VMI after max-flows
        has exceeded are Short flows.
    (e) Configure both max-flows and max_vm_flows in conf file and verify that max-flows is
        given preference over max_vm_flows configured at VM level.

## 9.2 Dev tests
    (a) Verify the flag on VMI to drop new flows is set in vrouter using vif
        utility when we have exceeded the limit.
    (b) Verify the above flag is reset when flows reach 90% (or lower) of

## 9.3 System tests

# 10. Documentation Impact

# 11. References

Blueprint information

Sivakumar Ganapathy
Kumar Harsh
Needs approval
Kumar Harsh
Series goal:
Accepted for trunk
Milestone target:
milestone icon r5.1.0
Started by
Kumar Harsh
Completed by
Kumar Harsh

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